How to Obtain a Lower Tax Deduction Certificate (LDC) for NRI Property Sellers

Selling property as a non-resident Indian (NRI) can come with higher tax implications compared to resident sellers. However, there is a way to mitigate this burden by obtaining a Lower Tax Deduction Certificate (LDC).

The LDC allows NRIs to have their tax withheld at a lower rate based on the actual gains from the property sale.

In this article, we will guide you through the process of obtaining an LDC and provide valuable insights to help you navigate the complexities.

Understanding the Importance of an LDC:

For NRIs, the withholding tax (TDS) on the sale of property is withheld from the sale price, not from the actual gain. This means that unless an LDC is obtained, NRIs may end up paying a much higher tax.

The LDC considers criteria such as the acquisition value of the property and indexation on the acquisition value or the value as per a valuation report as of April 1st, 2001, if applicable. By acquiring an LDC, NRIs can verify that their tax burden corresponds to their real gains, resulting in significant tax savings.

Steps to Obtain an LDC for NRI Property Sellers:

Step 1:- Establish Income Tax Jurisdiction:

The first step is to determine whether your income tax jurisdiction is international (non-resident). You can begin the LDC application procedure if your Permanent Account Number (PAN) is already in the international wing.

Step 2:- Collect All Required Documents:

Gather all of the paperwork needed for the Lower Tax Deduction Certificate application. Proof of property ownership, PAN card, passport copies, and bank statements are common examples. It is critical to keep track of all property-related transactions and payments.

Step 3:- Assess Eligibility Criteria:

Ensure that you meet the eligibility criteria for an LDC. This includes factors such as the duration of property ownership, type of property, and compliance with tax regulations. Consulting with a tax professional or legal expert specializing in NRI taxation can provide valuable guidance.

Step 4:- Compile the Application and Submit It:

Gather all of the required documentation and submit the LDC application to the relevant income tax officer. It is critical to adhere to the formatting guidelines and give accurate information. Any inconsistencies or missing documentation may result in application delays or rejection.

Step 5:- Respond to the Officer's Inquiries:

Prepare to answer any inquiries or requests for more information from the income tax officer after applying. To guarantee a smooth review process, supply the following details as soon as possible.

Step 6:- Follow Up and Attend Hearings:

Maintain consistent contact with the income tax officer assigned to your case. Attend hearings if necessary to clarify or address any issues expressed during the assessment process. Follow up as soon as possible to expedite the issue of the LDC.

Real-Life Case Study: Overcoming Challenges in Obtaining an LDC:

In a real-life scenario, we encountered a complex situation while assisting an NRI property seller based in the USA with the application process for a Lower Tax Deduction Certificate (LDC) for his immovable property in Haryana. The client's father visited our office to discuss the requirements and raised concerns regarding the potential buyer and the necessity of a power of attorney to facilitate the property sale on behalf of his son.

After conducting a comprehensive analysis of the client's income tax jurisdiction, our team at KDP Accountants determined that the client's PAN was already classified under the international wing. This determination eliminated the need for PAN migration, a distinct and often time-consuming process.

However, the initial agreement with a buyer fell through, leading to a temporary pause in the proceedings. Subsequently, a new buyer emerged, prompting the client to approach our firm once again. In response, we provided a comprehensive list of requirements for the LDC application, taking into consideration the fact that the client had purchased the property during its construction phase.

One of the significant challenges we encountered was the delayed application for a Tax Deduction and Collection Account Number (TAN) by the buyer, which directly affected the filing of the LDC application. To address this delay, our expert team at KDP Accountants maintained close and proactive communication with the broker and the seller, ensuring that the necessary steps were taken to rectify the TAN issue. Fortunately, the buyer successfully reapplied for a TAN within a few days, enabling us to proceed with the application process once the paperwork was in order.

After meticulously preparing and submitting the LDC application, based on the indexed cost of acquisition and considering the date of actual installment payments, we awaited the standardized questionnaire from the income tax officer. Promptly responding online to the questionnaire, we further scheduled a meeting with the officer to gain a comprehensive understanding of his requirements.

During the rigorous review process, the officer specifically requested bank statements dating back to 2008 up to the last installment paid. However, retrieving statements for such an extensive period posed significant challenges in terms of time and effort. Despite our exhaustive attempts, we were unable to retrieve the initial statements from 2008. Nonetheless, we diligently submitted all other accessible bank statements, while ensuring transparent communication with the officer regarding the unavailability of the earliest statements.

Understanding and empathizing the challenges faced by the client due to the additional requirements and subsequent delay, our experienced team at KDP Accountants devised a strategic solution. Recognizing that the NRI client may not possess the necessary bank statements, we suggested obtaining the bank statements from the person from whom the client had purchased the apartment. These statements would serve as evidence of inward receipts and prove vital to our case. This innovative approach yielded successful results as we managed to acquire the seller's bank statements from 2008, much to the satisfaction of the officer overseeing the submission.

After enduring a considerable amount of effort and demonstrating unwavering perseverance, our dedicated team at KDP Accountants successfully obtained the Lower Tax Deduction Certificate (LDC) for our esteemed NRI client, effectively concluding a month-long process.


As an NRI property seller, obtaining a Lower Tax Deduction Certificate (LDC) is a crucial step in optimizing tax liability and ensuring an equitable evaluation of gains. By adhering to a well-structured approach and drawing insights from real-life case studies, you can navigate the challenges of the LDC application process more effectively. It is essential to maintain meticulous records, seek the guidance of experienced professionals such as KDP Accountants when needed, and remain proactive throughout the journey.

At KDP Accountants, we understand the complexities involved in securing an LDC and have successfully assisted numerous NRI clients in this endeavor. Our team of experts emphasizes the importance of maintaining accurate documentation and adhering to tax jurisdiction regulations. Through our comprehensive approach, we help streamline the application process, ensuring compliance and maximizing your benefits.

By leveraging our professional guidance and drawing inspiration from real-life case studies, you can confidently navigate the intricacies of obtaining an LDC. Trust in the expertise of KDP Accountants to provide you with the necessary support and insights, empowering you to achieve optimal results in your property sale and tax planning endeavors.

The above note is subject to further study and clarifications. This note does not form an opinion from our end and before taking any decision based on above, it is recommended to consult our experts on the subject.Kamdar, Desai & Patel will not be liable for any damages (including, without limitation, damages for loss of business projects, or loss of profits) arising in contract, tort or otherwise from the use of or inability to use this article, or any of its contents, or from any action taken (or refrained from being taken) as a result of using this article or any such contents.

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